Online Sites

Time Ref:
Explore the history of Medieval Britain from the time of Alfred the Great through the Norman Conquest and up to the start of the Tudor Age. Detailed Timelines contain events for years between 800 and 1547. Maps show the locations of castles, abbeys and cathedrals in England, Scotland and Wales. Every person and building on this site has a timeline and links to related subjects. (This site was last updated on 15 June 2009)

You can generate timelines on the site too, specifically for what you want.

Elizabethan Oaths, Curses, and Insults: For the Renaissance Fair worker, but quite fascinating.

The common equivalent of disgust is fie (f-eye). This is not the eff-word you’re thinking of, but more akin to “ugh” or “bleh”. Fie upon your artless speech! Fie, away sir! The modern eff-word was in usage by 1500, but the learned Elizabethan would employ the common verb swive. Humorous modern effects result from the use of terms such as pig farker (middle low german “ferken”), which means pig farmer and is rather different from a pig swiver. Careful with this unless you’re looking for a fight.

Planet eBook:
Classic literature for downloads as free eBooks: 1984, A Tale of Two Cities, Aesop’s Fables, Paradise Lost, Pollyanna, etc.

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