Clancy Ratliff writes about her argument Pretest that she gives her students and what their answers are.
She has more than this, but here is a teaser:
1. What are some qualities of a good argument? List at least four.
17 said it has to be supported with evidence
12 said it addresses opposing views (this was a pleasant surprise)
8 said it has a strong position on the topic
5 said it uses personal experience
3 said it is well-researched
3 said “confidence” (spoken arguments, maybe?)
3 said it has a good introduction and conclusion
2 said it has a good tone